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Sistemes lidar (radar laser) d'ona contínua i baixa potència per a la detecció i mesura de concentració de gasos amb resolució espacial
Continous-wave low-power lidar (radar laser) systems for the detection and mesurement of the gas concentration with range resolution
Batet Torrell, Oscar
Agència de Gestió d'Ajuts Universitaris i de Recerca; Comerón Tejero, Adolfo; Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya. Departament de Teoria del Senyal i Comunicacions
The present project has performed the study and development of a new technique for the detection of gases with range resolution. This technique called FMCW-lidar is a technique that evolves from the FMCW-radar technique to be applied to lidar systems. Moreover, it takes advantage of the appearance of spectral absorption lines because of the interaction between light and gases to tune the light wavelength of a laser emitter with one of this spectral lines and then detects the backscattered light and analyzes it in order to obtain gas concentration measurements. The first part of the project consisted in the analysis of the WMS technique which is a technique for the in-situ measurement of gases. A complete theoretical analysis has been performed and some experiments have been carried out in order to test the technique and to validate its application to an FMCW-modulated system for the detection of gases. The second part of the project consisted in the analysis of the lidar FMCW technique for solid target detection and its extension to continuous media. The classical form of this technique has been analyzed for a distributed medium and a filtering effect has been found which prevents the accurate acquisition of the medium response. A modification of the technique has been proposed and a validation via simulations and some experiments has been carried on. After performing these tests, a novel system is proposed to be developed and tested in order to perform the indicated gas detection with range resolution.
2010-11-30
621.3 - Enginyeria elèctrica. Electrotècnia. Telecomunicacions
Teledetecció -- Aparells i instruments
Radar òptic
Detectors de gasos
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47 p.
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Els ajuts de l'AGAUR;2009FIC00138
         

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