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Elections in 2009? Progress and obstacles in the construction of peace in the Ivory Coast
Caramés, Albert
Institut Català Internacional per la Pau
In 2002 in the Ivory Coast three months of armed conflict ended with the division of the country. Two regions were separated by an interposition line controlled by the French Forces Licorne. This significant peace process was maintained over time, but characterized for lack of mutual confidence and political immobility, which led to an impasse and the continuation of Laurent Gbagbo in the presidency. Moreover, the peace building process was less successful because the different political agreements failed to address some of the main national problems, such as land property and identity issues. The following paper aims first to analyze the main facts and causes that instigated the conflict since the coup d’état in 2002. Secondly, the paper will analyze the peace process and point out the key elements of the Ouagadougou Peace Agreement (2007): the creation of a new and unique armed forces structure, as well as the identification of the population and implementation of an electoral process. The main goal is to provide the International Catalan Institute for Peace (ICIP) a working tool in order to send an electoral observation mission to this African country by November 2009.
32 - Política
Forces armades
Fuerzas armadas
Armed forces
Acord de pau
Acuerdo de paz
Peace agreement
83 p.
Working Paper
2013.5793 (en línia);
2013.5785 (paper)

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