Use this identifier to quote or link this document: http://hdl.handle.net/2072/58589

Parental education and family characteristics: educational opportunities across cohorts in Italy and Spain
Di Paolo, Antonio
Xarxa de Referència en Economia Aplicada (XREAP)
Drawing on data contained in the 2005 EU-SILC, this paper investigates the disparities in educational opportunities in Italy and Spain. Its main objective is to analyse the predicted probabilities of successfully completing upper-secondary and tertiary education for individuals with different parental backgrounds, and the changes in these probabilities across birth cohorts extending from 1940 to 1980. The results suggest that the disparities in tertiary education opportunities in Italy tend to increase over time. By contrast, the gap in educational opportunity in Spain shows a marked decrease across the cohorts. Moreover, by using an intuitive decomposition strategy, the paper shows that a large part of the educational gap between individuals of different backgrounds is “composed” of the difference in the endowment of family characteristics. Specifically, it seems that more highly educated parents are more able to endow their children with a better composition of family characteristics, which accounts for a significant proportion of the disparities in educational opportunity.
2010-05
Educational equalization
Home and school
Comparative education
1940-1980
Spain
Italy
311 - Estadística
33 - Economia
37 - Educació. Ensenyament. Formació. Temps lliure
Igualtat d'oportunitats educatives
Família i escola
Educació comparada
1940-1980
Espanya
Itàlia
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41 p.
Working Paper
Xarxa de Referència en Economia Aplicada (XREAP)
XREAP;2010-5
         

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