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Trade liberalization, exports and technology upgrading: Evidence on the impact of MERCOSUR on Argentinean firms
Bustos, Paula
Universitat Pompeu Fabra. Departament d'Economia i Empresa
This paper studies the impact of a regional free trade agreement, MERCOSUR, on technologyupgrading by Argentinean firms. To guide empirical work, I introduce technology choice inMelitz s (2003) model of trade with heterogeneous firms. The joint treatment of the technologyadoption and exporting choices shows that the increase in revenues produced by trade integrationcan induce exporters to upgrade technology. An empirical test of the model reveals that firms inindustries facing higher reductions in Brazil s tariffs increase their investment in technologyfaster. The effect of tariffs on entry in the export market and technology adoption is highest inthe upper-middle range of the firm size distribution, as predicted by the model.
Macroeconomics and International Economics
trade liberalization
heterogeneous firms
technology adoption
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