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A prospective cohort study of healthcare visits and rehospitalizations after hospital discharge in community-acquired pneumonia
Adamuz, Jordi; Viasus, Diego; Campreciós Rodríguez, Paula; Cañavate Jurado, Olga; Jiménez Martínez, Emilio; Isla Pera, Ma. Pilar (María Pilar); García Vidal, Carol; Carratalà, Jordi
Universitat de Barcelona
Background and objective: We aimed to identify the frequency of, reasons for and risk factors associated with additional healthcare visits and rehospitalizations (healthcare interactions) by patients with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) within 30 days of hospital discharge. Methods: Observational analysis of a prospective cohort of adults hospitalized with CAP at a tertiary hospital (2007-2009). Additional healthcare interactions were defined as the visits to a primary care centre or emergency department and hospital readmissions within 30 days of discharge. Results: Of the 934 hospitalized patients with CAP, 282 (34.1%) had additional healthcare interactions within 30 days of hospital discharge: 149 (52.8%) needed an additional visit to their primary care centre and 177 (62.8%) attended the emergency department. Seventy-two (25.5%) patients were readmitted to hospital. The main reasons for additional healthcare interactions were worsening of signs or symptoms of CAP and new or worsening comorbid conditions independent of pneumonia, mainly cardiovascular and pulmonary diseases. The only independent factor associated with visits to primary care centre or emergency department was alcohol abuse (odds ratio [OR] = 1.65; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.03-2.64). Prior hospitalization (≤ 90 days) (OR = 2.47; 95% CI: 1.11-5.52) and comorbidities (OR = 3.99; 95% CI: 1.12-14.23) were independently associated with rehospitalization. Conclusions: Additional healthcare visits and rehospitalizations within 30 days of hospital discharge are common in patients with CAP. This is mainly due to a worsening of signs or symptoms of CAP and/or comorbid conditions. These findings may have implications for discharge planning and follow-up of patients with CAP.
2012-11-07
Pneumònia
Assistència hospitalària
Pneumonia
Hospital care
(c) Asian Pacific Society of Respirology, 2011
Article
Article - Accepted version
Blackwell
         

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